Allah is The Being who is Waajibul Wujood ,which means that His existence is by Himself, i.e. He is self-existent. His existence is absolutely independent of all things.
He is Waahid , i.e. He is absolute unity in that it is impossible for the concept of Waajibul Wujood to apply to any other being, it being exclusively His attribute.
He is Qadeem , i.e. there is no beginning for His existence. In other words, He is eternal. He is Qaadir (Omnipotentâ€“ All Powerful); Hayy (Alive); Aleem (One of Knowledge); Ba s eer (the One who sees); Samee' (the Hearer); Mureed (the One who wills). He is Mutakallim (the One who speaks).
Allah has neither form or shape nor body. He does not subsist in any substratum. Nothing can contain Him, but He encompasses everything. He does not consist of particles or atoms. He has no constituent parts and He has no limits. He has no end.
Time does not pass over Him. Nothing, down to the slightest detail, is beyond His knowledge and power. He is aware of all the details and particulars of every atom and of all things in creation.
He does not beget nor was he begotten.
He is the Sustainer, the Nourisher and the Controller of all creation. He is the Overseer, the Guard and the Protector of all and everything, from the greatest creation down to the minutest atom. His Control, Command and Knowledge extends simultaneously and perpetually over every single aspect and atom of creation. Not a leaf blowing in the breeze, blows without His command, control and knowledge. All things operate by His direction.
He creates and annihilates according to His Will and Wisdom. All His actions are based on Wisdom on infinite divine Wisdom and not human wisdom.
Creation can never comprehend Him.
He is beyond description and conception. No mind can ever conceive or comprehend Him. He is recognizable only by the manifestations of His Attributes.
He never tires nor does He sleep. He is above human qualities and free of all weaknesses and defects. His State is the same at all times. No change ever occurs Him. Nothing can act against or on Him. His Attributes are external. His Attributes are inseparable from Him.
Allah is Omnipotent. Nothing can curb or reduce His Power. His Promise is true and He will act in accordance with His promise, but His promise does not curtail His omnipotence. His promise does not reduce His Power. A promise by Allah does not mean that His power to act contrary to His promise is destroyed, e.g. Allah has created Jannat and Jahannum , if He so wills. He is the Creator and Master of all His creation. No one can question His actions. He is the Sovereign of all creation. As the Qur'aan says: