Arfat is a vast open ground where the largest gathering of Muslims takes place every year on 9th of Zilhija. It is called “Waqoof -e- Arfat” (stay in Arfat). Muslims offer two combined prayers here under one Azan on
Hajj Day. The qasar (shortened) prayers of Zuhar and Asar are offered here jointly just after concluding Khtuba-e-Hajj.
Hajj is actually the name of Waqoof-e-Arfat and there is no substitute
or penalty (damm) if someone does not attend the stay of Arfat.
Penalty(damm) may be given against other Hajj elements but
Waqoof-e-Arfat is essential. At Arfat pilgrims spend their
time glorifying Allah, repeating the supplication, repenting to Allah
and asking Him for forgiveness.